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Wednesday, December 25, 2019

Starting Seeds Indoors – A Video Series: How to Make $500-$1000 Selling Vegetable Seed Starts

The Rusted Garden Seed and Garden Shop


Starting Seeds Indoors – A Video Series: 
How to Make $500-$1000 Selling Vegetable Seed Starts

The simple answer… learn how to start seeds indoors and...

Do a plant yard sale this spring or early summer (do one again in the fall) in your front yard. You can also, find spring community yard sales or church yard sales and get a table. Grow tomatoes, peppers and herbs as your main stock by starting them indoors early.  You want these plants to be about 8 weeks old when they go to sale. Start them indoors in small cells, pot them up and get the acclimated to the sun.  Transplant them up to 8-10 ounce cups. You can use Styrofoam (least expensive), plastic cups, peat pots or buy nursery pots based on your budget.

My 2020 YT series that is being done in real-time will cover all the steps for growing the transplants and discuss the yard sale idea.

Find me on Instagram under The Rusted Garden to learn about gardening:

Many times, you can start cucumbers, zucchini, squash, kale and more too but the timing varies based on where you live.  You want these plants to be about 4 weeks old when they go to sale.  Start these plants in the larger cups.

Years ago, I would do a plant sale on my driveway and get a parking space at our local community spring flea market. I did a pre-sale to friends and over the years had ‘customers’. I no longer do that. When I was, I would make between $500 and $1000 selling plants for $1 each.  You can easily sell them today at that price or even $2 a plant or 3 for $5. This gave me all the extra money I needed for my mulch, wood and other garden supplies. The key is to start indoors.

If you don’t need to sell them, starting indoors can easily save you $500 to $1000 a year.  Transplants easily cost $2, $3 or $4. If you are buying perennial flowers you might spend $5-$10 a pot.  The cost of buying shelves and lights to get started is not as expensive as you might think if you follow my videos. You don’t need to buy expensive grow-light systems. Build them yourself.  Plus, everything should last you 10 years. Divide the cost of setting up by 10 and it isn’t that bad.

Follow me on YT under The Rusted Garden. I am doing a complete 2020 series on starting seeds indoors. The first 4 videos are below and they cover everything you need to know to get started. They cover basic seed starting supplies, lighting, shelving, starting mixes and getting the seed cells ready for planting. Future videos will cover starting perennial flowers, herbs, onions, peppers, tomatoes and other vegetables indoors.  Think about having a plant yard sale and fund your growing garden.

Video One:
Starting Vegetables Seeds Indoors: Purchasing LED or Fluorescent Grow-Lights - Kelvin & Lumen Scales



Video Two:
Starting Vegetable Seeds Indoors: Cells, Trays & Starting Mix - How to Stop Fungus Gnats 100% 



Video Three:
Starting Vegetable Seeds Indoors: Selecting Shelving & Building an Indoor Grow-Light Station Basics



Video Four:
Starting Vegetable Seeds Indoors: Preparing Containers for Planting, When & How to Water Seed Starts




Please Help Support My Channel: The Rusted Garden Homestead - Thanks!

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Over 1000 Garden Videos Designed to Quickly Present Information!


Visit The Rusted Garden Seed and Garden Shop for your Seeds, Starting Supplies, Neem Oil, Peppermint and Other Oils, Calcium Nitrate and More.
The Rusted Garden Seed and Garden Shop

I now have an Amazon Influencer's Storefront.
As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. It is free to use.

The Rusted Garden Amazon Direct Link
I turn most of that back into the garden and videos. Greatly Appreciated! - Gary (TRG)

Or go directly to the different collections at my Amazon Influencers Storefront...

Products in My 2020 YouTube Videos 
Seed Starting Supplies and Grow-Light Stations
 Pots and Small Greenhouses 
Better Greenhouses, Shade Cloth, Tunnels and Cold Frames
Fertilizers and Amendments: Indoor and Outdoor Gardening 

Disease and Pest Management  

Friday, April 26, 2019

How to Use Peppermint Oil to Mask Scents and Repel Insects in Your Vegetable Garden

The Rusted Garden Seed and Garden Shop



How to Use Peppermint Oil to Mask Scents 
and Repel Insects in Your Vegetable Garden


Peppermint oil essentially does two main things to discourage insects from coming into your garden. It masks the scents of your vegetable plants and it is an irritant to many insects. Peppermint oil makes for an extremely good repellent for very small insects like spider mites. You may have heard some oil sprays smother and kill soft bodied insects. That is true; however, peppermint oil is used for its scent. You would need to use a lot more oil to make a smothering oil insect spray. Cheaper unscented oils are better for that purpose.

Insects locate plants visually and by scent. That is why flowers are often scented and colored. Many of your pollinators will still easily find you garden even when you are using peppermint oil sprays.
When you pick vegetables, you break the plant. You may notice three distinct odors when you pick a cucumber, tomato or squash. Problematic insects also notice the scents. Pruning plants releases the same odor or pheromones. Your peppermint spray helps to mask this. Wind and heavy rain can also damage plant leaves just enough to release plant scents.

Not all peppermint oil is the same. I only recommend using Mentha Piperita. This is what I sell on my website and use in my garden. It is a little more expensive but has the strongest scent. Wherever you choose to by your peppermint oil, make sure the label displays Mentha Piperita. You want the strongest scent. 


Peppermint Oil from The Rusted Garden

The key to the successful use of peppermint oil is spraying on a schedule. I recommend spraying every 5-7 days routinely as a masking scent. You can spray around the plants and on the soil. If you are using the spray for the first time, spray a few leaves of each plant variety and wait 48 hours for damage. Only cover an entire plant when you know your spray mix does no harm. This is good practice for any spray formula, you introduce into your garden.

If you are using it as a repellent and irritant for very small insects like spider mites, I recommend spraying every 3-5 days, making sure you get under the leaves.

From The Rusted Garden – Seed & Garden Shop:
https://www.therustedgarden.com/ 

Garden Care Kit with Spray Bottles: Peppermint Oil, Neem Oil, Rosemary Oil and Calcium Nitrate:
https://www.therustedgarden.com/products/copy-of-garden-care-kit-w-spray-bottles-neem-oil-peppermint-oil-rosemary-oil-and-calcium-nitrate

2 Ounces (Dropper Bottle) of Peppermint Oil (Menta Piperita) for Insect Management:
https://www.therustedgarden.com/products/2-ounces-of-peppermint-oil-menta-piperita-for-insect-management


My Peppermint Oil Recipe & Routine

The basic recipe I use is 1 drop of peppermint oil per 2 ounces of water. This is great for small batches. You can use 1/2 - 1 teaspoon of peppermint oil per gallon of water. Use just enough soap in your batches to help disperse the oil through the water when shaken. That is usually a couple drops of soap per quart or a teaspoon per gallon based on the soap you are using.

Shake your peppermint oil spray every few minutes when spraying your garden. Two ounces of oil is about 1200 drops according to conversion websites and it will make 12-24 gallons of spray based on using 1/2 or 1 teaspoon in a gallon of water. A mix batched of peppermint oil spray is good for about 1 week and probably longer. The oil itself has a shelf life of several years.

The key to effectively using peppermint spray and other scented sprays is to stick to a schedule. Schedules vary by Garden Zone as they all have their own insect issues. When in doubt, spray more often. You also want to start spraying several week before the problematic insects arrive to your gardens. The best way to learn this is by keeping a journal of problems in your garden, documenting the date they are first noticed.
Subscribe to my YouTube Channel The Rusted Garden
Over 800 Garden Videos Designed to Quickly Present Information!

Please support The Rusted Garden - Thanks!

By using these Amazon links, any purchase you make returns a % of sales back to TRG. I turn most of that back into the garden and videos. Greatly Appreciated! - Gary (TRG)
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Seed Starting Supplies:
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Tuesday, February 5, 2019

Over 25 Questions Answered on Starting Herbs, Flowers and Vegetables Indoors Under Grow-lights: Seed Starting Questions

The Rusted Garden Seed and Garden Shop

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25 Questions Answered on Starting Seed Indoors Under Grow-Lights: The Rusted Garden


How high should my grow-light be place over the trays?
You should set the grow-lights about 2 - 4 inches above the seed starting trays.


When is light the most important to my seed starts?
The first 5 to 7 days from germination are the most important time. Intense light is needed to prevent the seedling from getting thin and 'leggy".


What kind of ratings should my grow-lights have?
Minimum ratings are 2100 lumens for light intensity and 5000K for light color. Great numbers are 2750 lumens or higher and 6500K.


25 Questions Answered on Starting Seed Indoors Under Grow-Lights: The Rusted Garden


How long should I keep the grow-light?
At germination and for first week, the light should be left on 16 hours and off 8 hours. After that you can start decreasing the lights to 14 hours and then 12 hours over a few weeks.


Why do my seedlings get tall and ‘leggy’?
Bottom line is the light is not intense enough and they are stretching to get closer too it.


When should I turn my lights on? Should I have them on before germination?
I turn them on before germination as you want to catch the germinating seedlings immediately with intense light. After planting seeds, I turn my grow light on 3 days later. Nothing really germinates in 3 days.


Can I use a window? Do I need grow-lights?
You really do need a grow light as 99/100 south facing windows don't provide enough light for seedlings.


This is the video that goes over all these questions in more detail. Subscribe to my channel, I will be making real-time garden videos all through 2019.



Do I need direct or indirect sun in a window? 
Sun coming in a window must always be direct. That means the sun can always be seen by your seedlings. Light from the sun directly hits your seed starts.


What is seed flat and seed cell? (Different Shapes & Sizes)
Check the video out for this one. You just have to see them.


Do I need to start my transplants in small cells or can I use large cups?
It is all based on how much room you have to grow indoors and the number of plants you want to start. You can start in large containers or forgo potting them up from the smaller seed cells if that is what you prefer.


Do I need to use seed starting mix? Should I sterilize my starting mix?
I always recommend sterilizing your starting mix and using a seed starting mix. I find it really helps with germination and reduces problems.


Does sterilizing seed starting mix kill of the soil life?
It would, if starting mix had soil life. Seed starting mix doesn't have anything of value for your plants. It is just a seed starting medium. Sterilize it and add what you wish afterwords. 


25 Questions Answered on Starting Seed Indoors Under Grow-Lights: The Rusted Garden

Can I use outdoor soil to start my seeds indoors?
You can but this risk of bringing in insects, insects eggs, fungus and disease is quite high. There is not Nature indoors to combat problems.


Can I use dry seed starting mix to start my seeds or should I pre-moisten the mix?
Always pre-moisten your seed starting mixes. They actually float and absorb water slowly if you don't prepare the growing cells or cups with pre-moistened mix.


How do I set up my seed starting cells or containers for planting?
Check the video out for this one.


How often do I water? When do I water?
Check out the video for this one.


Should I let the top of my seed starting mix dry between watering?
It is a good idea to let the tops of the growing cells or cups dry. The video really explains this through examples.


Did fungus gnats come because I didn’t let the top of the seed starting mix dry?
Nope. Letting the tops dry helps reduce problems but it is not the cause. Fungus gnats lay eggs at the bottom of your starting cells too.


How do I water my transplants in the most efficient way?
Bottom watering in the tray is the most efficient way and the video describes the process.

25 Questions Answered on Starting Seed Indoors Under Grow-Lights: The Rusted Garden


Can I leave water in the bottom of the trays all the time?
You can let it sit for a couple hours while the seed starting mix absorbs it. Really after 30 minutes the mix soaks up all the water it can hold. Dump out the excess water or you can get root rot.


How many grow-lights do I need?
Again the video explains this thoroughly.


Should I use a timer on my grow-lights?
Absolutely 100%


Do I need to put fertilizer in the seed starting mix to start? What kind of fertilizer should I use indoors?
You don't have too. If you are you should use water soluble fertilizers at 1/4 strength or less. The video will explains why.


When should I feed my transplants? How much fertilizer do I use?
Water soluble fertilizer of your choice at 1/4 or less recommend strength. You can feed your plants about 1-2 weeks after germination. The video explains why.


What is the best temperature to start seeds indoors?
About 70 degrees F suits most seeds, if not all of them.


25 Questions Answered on Starting Seed Indoors Under Grow-Lights: The Rusted Garden


Do I need to use a seed starting heat mat? How long do I keep using it?

You don't if your growing area sits around 70 degrees F. Heat mats do speed up germination and can be shut off a couple days after germination if you area stays above 65 degrees F.


Should I label my seed starts? What is the best way to label me flats?

Unless you have a photographic memory... yes. The video describes a couple options.


Shop on Amazon and Support The Rusted Garden for Free: Anything you purchase gives a % return back to TRG.  It is free. Just use The Rusted Garden Amazon Portal http://amzn.to/2ttyray anytime you shop. Thanks for using my link. It helps fund my garden videos!

You can also find gardening products I use in my videos here...

I now have an Amazon Influencer's storefront. I put the products I use, in videos, there. Shopping there is free and The Rusted Garden gets a percentage of sales. Thanks! I have products set up by categories. You can go to my storefront using this secure link: https://www.amazon.com/shop/garypilarchiktherustedgarden

Products in My 2019 YouTube Videos 

Garden Tools: The Rusted Garden

Gardening Books and Resources 

Containers, Pots and Small Green Houses 

Fertilizers and Amendments: Indoor and Outdoor Gardening

Disease and Pest Management 

Seed Starting Supplies and Grow-Light Stations 


Products I Use and Recommend. I have an affiliation with them:

The Seed Company I Recommend is Everwilde Farms: https://www.everwilde.com/. Use the code RUSTEDGARDEN for a free seed pack. No 'THE' in this code.

Worm Castings: Use the Discount Code THERUSTEDGARDEN on VermisTerra Products and save 10% at https://vermisterra.com/

GreenStalk Vertical Gardening: Use the Discount Code THERUSTEDGARDEN on GreenStalk 'Vertical Tier Systems'.  Use this link and enter my code for the discount http://store.greenstalkgarden.com/?afmc=therustedgarden or this short link http://lddy.no/4eal 


My Social Media Links:

Subscribe to My YouTube Channel (800 Garden Videos) - The Rusted Garden: https://www.youtube.com/user/pilarchik

Follow me on Instagram for Harvest Pictures, Updates and Give-Aways: https://www.instagram.com/therustedgarden/

Visit My Original Blog The Rusted Vegetable Garden: https://therustedgarden.blogspot.com/

Contact Me at therustedgarden@gmail.com for questions or if you are interested in affiliations or advertising

Subscribe to my YouTube Channel The Rusted Garden

Over 800 Garden Videos Designed to Quickly Present Information!

Please support The Rusted Garden - Thanks!

Thursday, January 31, 2019

Seed Starting Basics: Sterilizing Your Mix, Thumb Packing Cells, Over-Seeding Herbs & Onions: My YouTube Channel

The Rusted Garden Seed and Garden Shop

Seed Starting Basics: Sterilizing Your Mix, Thumb Packing Cells, Over-Seeding Herbs and Onions


Here is the most recent video from my YouTube Channel: The Rusted Garden. Every year I start new videos that capture my entire gardening season. Right now I am starting seeds. Here is the most recent video. Below is what you would find in the video's description. Please enjoy the video and subscribe to my channel if you like it. Thanks!



show you how to sterilize your seed starting mix with boiling water and discuss the reasons. I answer the question... Why do I need to start my seeds indoors? I go over the different cell sizes and how to set them up with starting mix. I show you the over-seeding method I use for herbs and onions. And I cover some flowers and herbs you can start 10-12 weeks indoors.

The Seed Company I Recommend is Everwilde Farms: https://www.everwilde.com/. Use the code RUSTEDGARDEN for a free seed pack. No 'THE' in this code.

Check out my newest Blog: The Rusted Garden. It will have articles tied to each video I make in 2019: https://www.therustedgarden.com/blogs/vegetable-gardening-tips-blog

Please Help Support My Channel: The Rusted Garden - Thanks!

Visit The Rusted Garden Seed & Garden Shop: https://www.therustedgarden.com/ - Check out my discounted seed collections & my 'Grow as I Grow' collection.

Shop on Amazon and Support The Rusted Garden for Free: Anything you purchase gives a % return back to TRG.  It is free. Just use The Rusted Garden Amazon Portal http://amzn.to/2ttyray anytime you shop. Thanks for using my link. It helps fund my garden videos!

You can also find gardening products I use in my videos here...

I now have an Amazon Influencer's storefront. I put the products I use, in videos, there. Shopping there is free and The Rusted Garden gets a percentage of sales. Thanks! I have products set up by categories. You can go to my storefront using this secure link: https://www.amazon.com/shop/garypilarchiktherustedgarden

Products in My 2019 YouTube Videos 

Garden Tools: The Rusted Garden

Gardening Books and Resources 

Containers, Pots and Small Green Houses 

Fertilizers and Amendments: Indoor and Outdoor Gardening

Disease and Pest Management 

Seed Starting Supplies and Grow-Light Stations 


Products I Use and Recommend. I have an affiliation with them:

Worm Castings: Use the Discount Code THERUSTEDGARDEN on VermisTerra Products and save 10% at https://vermisterra.com/

GreenStalk Vertical Gardening: Use the Discount Code THERUSTEDGARDEN on GreenStalk 'Vertical Tier Systems'.  Use this link and enter my code for the discount http://store.greenstalkgarden.com/?afmc=therustedgarden or this short link http://lddy.no/4eal 


My Social Media Links:

The Seed Company I Recommend is Everwilde Farms: https://www.everwilde.com/. Use the code RUSTEDGARDEN for a free seed pack. No 'THE' in this code.

Subscribe to My YouTube Channel (800 Garden Videos) - The Rusted Garden: https://www.youtube.com/user/pilarchik

Follow me on Instagram for Harvest Pictures, Updates and Give-Aways: https://www.instagram.com/therustedgarden/

Visit My Original Blog The Rusted Vegetable Garden: https://therustedgarden.blogspot.com/

Contact Me at therustedgarden@gmail.com for questions or if you are interested in affiliations or advertising

Subscribe to my YouTube Channel The Rusted Garden
Over 800 Garden Videos Designed to Quickly Present Information!

Please support The Rusted Garden - Thanks!

By using these Amazon links, any purchase you make returns a % of sales back to TRG. I turn most of that back into the garden and videos. Greatly Appreciated! - Gary (TRG)
The Rusted Garden Amazon Direct Link

Seed Starting Supplies:
Garden Fertilizers:
Amazon General Search Page:

Tuesday, January 22, 2019

The Truth About Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO's), Hybrids, Heirlooms and Your Vegetable Seeds - Call Them GEO's!

The Rusted Garden Seed and Garden Shop


The Truth About Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO's), 
Hybrids, Heirlooms and Your Vegetable Seeds - Call Them GEO's

All flower and vegetable seeds you buy in seed packs, for a couple of bucks, are not Genetically Modified Organism or GMO's. They never were, currently are not and probably will never be. You have no need to worry when you buy a single pack of seeds. A seed pack stamped Non-GMO is no different than a seed pack not stamped Non-GMO. If you like the reassurance, that is cool, just know what you are paying for via the stamp.


The Rusted Garden: The Truth About GMO's


The term GMO is basically used to define a genetically engineered organism created in a laboratory in a way Nature could not create it.  Why is this important? It is important because hybrids are not GMO's by the above definition. However, genetic material is modified naturally in Nature. The term modified is misleading and confusing, GMO's should really be called GEO's or Genetically Engineered Organisms when a process is done Nature can't do and it is engineered in a laboratory.

Nature can create hybrids because hybridizing is nothing more than taking pollen from one plant variety and crossing it to another variety. The plants must be compatible for hybrids to work. I can, you can, bees or other insects can make hybrids. It is 100% safe and normal and it is Nature at work. Genetic material, again, gets modified by Nature. Genetic modification is not bad.

GMO's (though they should be called GEO's) take DNA or genetic material from any source and in some cases blast it into the DNA of another source. GMO's are made in many different ways, again in laboratories. This isn't good or bad. It is science, you may or may not agree with it but it important to understand laboratory GMO's are not found in the $2 pack of seeds you buy. They are, however, in the food you sometimes eat.

So don't worry.  GMO's are huge money makers and there are only about a dozen or two GMO vegetables out there.  You have to buy them in larger quantities that easily costs thousands  and thousands of dollars, you have to sign contracts to manage the seeds, you can't package and resell the seeds and you have to be a larger scale farm.

So... GMO is a bad term because it confuses people  A hybrid is taking pollen (natural and normal genetic material) from one plant and crossing it with another plant's natural and normal genetic material. Tomato to tomato. Pepper to pepper. Melons to melons. Roses to roses and the most famous reindeer of all is Pea to Pea.  Look up Gregor Mendel as he is the scientist and geneticist that worked on pea hybrids and cross pollination. Taking pollen and crossing it, does genetically modify the plant in a safe and normal way. That is what confuses people.  Plant hybridizers copy the way Nature does it. Hybrids are not the above definition of laboratory GMO's.


The Rusted Garden: The Truth About GMO's


Hybrids work by taking pollen and crossing it, as mentioned. The first generation of seeds, from the initial cross pollination, will have mixed characteristics (genetic material) from both varieties. Those seeds when planted, will give you the 'new' variety with crossed characteristics from both plants. In a sense their genetic material was modified.

In (very) brief, the new variety is not a stable cultivar, so when you save the second generation of seeds you won't get (100% of the time) the plant from which you saved the seeds. Hybridizers spend years continuing generations of the 'crossing' to get a stable cultivar. A stable cultivar means when you save the seeds of a tomato and plant those seeds, you get the same variety of tomato. Seeds after seeds, year after year, you get the same variety and characteristics. The plant is stable and called true to form. You always get the true form of the plant from which you saved the seeds.

Heirlooms are stable vegetables/cultivars. You always get the same type of plant and characteristics when you save and plant the seeds. Heirlooms are basically plant varieties/seeds (depending on what definition you use) that have been around 25, 50, 75 or even 100 years.  They are old and stable plant varieties but the definition on the number of years varies. In some case old original hybrids that were made and stabilized in the 1950's are considered heirlooms today.

The summary... Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO's) are genetically modified in a lab in a way Nature can not do it. They should be called Genetically Engineered Organisms (GEO's). Hybrids are made by crossing pollen or genetic material in a way that mimics Nature and it is a natural process. People just take the randomness out of it.  Heirlooms are old and stable varieties of vegetables and flowers.


Cheers,
Gary (The Rusted Garden)


My 'Grow As I Grow' Collection:



 Sow Perfect Seeder



I just set up a new Amazon Shop that holds many of the products I used in my 2018 YT videos. The shop is a great way to consolidate the items you see in my videos and that I use, in one place. You no longer have to click links all over the place in different videos, you can now go directly to my: The Rusted Garden Amazon Influencer Shop . Products that show up in my 2019 videos, will be placed in this shop.




Subscribe to my YouTube Channel The Rusted Garden
Over 800 Garden Videos Designed to Quickly Present Information!
Please support The Rusted Garden - Thanks!

By using these Amazon links, any purchase you make returns a % of sales back to TRG. I turn most of that back into the garden and videos. Greatly Appreciated! - Gary (TRG)

The Rusted Garden Amazon Direct Link
Seed Starting Supplies:
Garden Fertilizers:
Amazon General Search Page: